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Omenhausser, John Jacob, 1832-1877Barnes, John S. (John Sanford), 1836-1911Naval History Society, donor
John Jacob Omenhausser's Rebel prison scenes, Point Lookout, Maryland, 1864
Naval History Society collection. Series 37. Point Lookout sketches, 1864.
New-York Historical Society, 170 Central Park West, New York, NY 10024, 212-873-3400
The forty-two color ink drawings presented here were made in 1864 by a Confederate prisoner of war at Point Lookout, Maryland, the Union's largest Civil War prison camp. The drawings highlight the concerns and experiences of prisoners of war; most scenes show prisoners playing cards, buying food, or engaging in barter with food vendors. All of the prison guards depicted are African American, and encounters are recorded between these guards and the Confederate prisoners. The album into which these sketches were pasted also includes photographs of commanding officers at Point Lookout, printed orders to prison guards about the treatment of prisoners, and letters from prisoners to President Lincoln asking to be released. The volume is part of the Naval History Society Collection, which was donated to the New-York Historical Society in 1925 by James Barnes. James Barnes was the son of the Naval History Society's founder, John S. Barnes, whose own father, Brigadier General James Barnes, commanded the Point Lookout prison. John S. Barnes found the album among his father's papers after his death in 1869.
Manakee, Harold R. 'Omenhausser's Confederate Prisoners of War Sketch.' Maryland Historical Magazine (June 1958): 177-179 and cover.
New-York Historical Society
Mss Collection - NHSC - Point Lookout
Point Lookout Prison Camp for ConfederatesUnited States. Army--Military lifeMilitary prisons--MarylandUnited States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Personal narratives, ConfederateUnited States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Prisoners and prisonsUnited States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Participation, African AmericanUnited States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--PortraitsPoint Lookout (Md.)--History--19th century
Watercolors (paintings)SketchesPhotographsMilitary recordsOrders (military records)CorrespondenceLetters (correspondence)MapsEngravingsTextImage
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