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Hillen, John Francis Edward, 1819-1865
Battle Scene Near Marietta, Georgia (recto).
Civil War drawings collection, approximately 1861-1865.
New-York Historical Society, 170 Central Park West, New York, NY 10024, 212-873-3400
Drawing: Graphite, brown ink, and white gouache on gray paper. 9 x 9 5/8 in. Line of soldiers behind a fence firing rifles through trees. Dead soldiers lay on the ground behind them.
During the Atlanta Campaign, General Wiliam Tecumseh Sherman maneuvered General Joseph E. Johnston's Confederate army out of several successive defensive positions in Cobb County. Sherman first found Johnston's army entrenched in the Marietta area on June 9. The Confederate's had established defensive lines along Brushy, Pine, and Lost Mountains but Sherman extended his forces beyond the Confederate lines, causing a partial Rebel withdrawal. After further pressure and skirmishing from Union forces, Johnston withdrew to an arc-shaped position centered on Kennesaw Mountain on June 18 and 19. Repulsed several times, Sherman eventually extended the line on his right and forced Johnston to withdraw from the Marietta area on July 2-3. About the Artist: John Francis Edward Hillen was born in Brussels, Belgium in 1819. Having immigrated to the United States, he enlisted in the Union army in 1861, was wounded in 1862, and subsequently discharges. During the war, he drew scenes from the conflict that were later published in Harper's Weekly, garnering him a role as 'special artist' for Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper until 1865.
New-York Historical Society
Marietta (Ga.)--History--Civil War, 1861-1865Georgia--History--Civil War, 1861-1865United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--CampaignsRiflesWooden fencesBattlefieldsSoldiersBattle casualties
SketchesDrawings (visual works)Image
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