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Hillen, John Francis Edward, 1819-1865
Reserve Camp of the Rebs at Buzzard Roost, Rocky Face Ridge, Georgia.
Civil War drawings collection, approximately 1861-1865.
New-York Historical Society, 170 Central Park West, New York, NY 10024, 212-873-3400
May 7-13, 1864
Drawing: Graphite and touches of white chalk on brown paper. 8 x 13 1/2 in. Hillside dotted with tree stumps and a few wooden houses. In the distance is a more concentrated group of wooden buildings. Inscribed at upper right in graphite: '(1) Reserve camp of the Rebs.' Verso is inscribed and signed at upper center: 'Rebell camps & c on Buzard Roost Mts / North East view of North pass of Hovey Cap Georgia / by J. F. E. Hillen / May 29th 1864.'
Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston had entrenched his army on the long, high mountain of Rocky Face Ridge and eastward across Crow Valley. As Major General William T. Sherman approached, he decided to demonstrate force against the position with two columns. His two columns engaged the enemy at Buzzard Roost (Mill Creek Gap) and at Dug Gap. In the meantime, a third column, under Major General James Birdseye McPherson, passed through Snake Creek Gap and on May 9, advanced to the outskirts of Resaca where it found Confederates entrenched. Fearing defeat, McPherson pulled his column back to Snake Creek Gap. The next morning, Sherman' s army withdrew from in front of Rocky Face Ridge. Discovering Sherman's movement, Johnston retired south towards Resaca on May 12. The result wa a Union victory (Union casualties were high, but they did force the Confederates off Rocky Face Ridge.) About the Artist: John Francis Edward Hillen was born in Brussels, Belgium in 1819. Having immigrated to the United States, he enlisted in the Union army in 1861, was wounded in 1862, and subsequently discharges. During the war, he drew scenes from the conflict that were later published in Harper's Weekly, garnering him a role as 'special artist' for Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper until 1865.
New-York Historical Society
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Military facilities--ConfederateMill Creek Gap (Ga.)--HistoryTreesMilitary campsHouses
SketchesDrawings (visual works)Image
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