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QUARTERLYBULLETIN 89 ORIGINAL DOCUMENTS FROM THE ARCHIVES OF THE SOCIETY ARTICLES OF CONVENTION BURGOYNE'S SURRENDER TO GATES We reproduce in this issue of the Bulletin the original document of the "Articles of Convention" signed by General John Burgoyne, October 16th, 1777, when he surrendered to General Horatio Gates at Saratoga, N. Y. The manuscript is from the "Gates Papers" in the archives of the Society. These Articles were in preparation for several days before they were satisfactorily composed for acceptance by both Generals. They were called articles of "Capitulation" until almost the last minute when General Burgoyne requested that the word "Convention" be used in place of "Capitulation" which was granted. From then on these prisoners of war were known as the " Convention Troops" and are so designated to this day. "Articles of Convention between Lieut General Burgoyne & Major General Gates— TSt The Troops under Lieut' Gen1 Burgoyne are to march out of their Camp with the honors of War & the Artillery of the Intrenchments to the Verge of the River where the Old Fort Stood, where the Arms & Artillery are to be left, the Arms to be piled by word of Command from their own Officers A Free Passage to be granted to the Army under Lieut' Gen1 Burgoyne to great Britain, upon condition of not serving again in North America during the present Contest, and the Port of Boston is Assigned for the Entry of Transports to receive the Troops whenever General Howe shall so Order Should any Cartel take place by which the Army under Lieut' General Burgoyne, or any part of it, may be exchang'd, the foregoing Article to be void as far as such Exchange shall be made. The Army under Lieut' Gen1 Burgoyne to March to Massachusetts Bay by the Easiest, most Expeditious, & Convenient Route, and to be Quartered in, near, or as convenient as possible to Boston, that the March of the Troops may not be delay'd when Transports arrive to receive them.