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74 THE N E W-Y ORK HISTORICAL SOCIETY mummy form given to funerary gods. Indeed, the accessories represented on some figures of Osiris suggest that if his costume did in truth originate in a royal garment, in later times this derivation had been lost sight of and the equally appropriate mummy form had become the artisans' model. The household god Bes often wears a lion's skin; again, the tail and skin are represented as an integral part of his person (Fig. 36). Horus and other child-gods are represented nude, reflecting the custom of allowing young children to run about without clothing. Not, however, until about the XXXth Dynasty do their bodies show anything of the chubbiness of childhood, as in the piece of Fig. 7. The most common mode of hair-dressing for gods and goddesses was modeled on an early human style known only in isolated figures of mortals, but common enough in representations of supernatural beings. The greater part of the hair, or rather wig, falls behind where it is cut off squarely, but two considerable masses are brought forward over the shoulders and a sewn covering, fitted to the separate divisions, and often striped, is represented as protecting it (Fig. 9). This is held in place in some figures by a ribbon tied behind at the crown of the head. The goddesses frequently wear further a close- fitting head-covering in the form of a vulture with wings drooping in protection (Fig. 4). Nekhbet, tutelary goddess of the South, appeared to men as a vulture; in this form she was often represented in wall-decorations hovering above the king and the protection she accorded the queens of Egypt was symbolized in a vulture headdress such as the goddesses wear. It would seem, however, that the goddess' vulture head-dress could hardly have been borrowed, as were some details of various divinities' figures, from royal apparel, but must have been given first to Nekhbet in allusion to the bird associated with her, and then have been extended to other goddesses for whom it had no symbolism,6 unless also one of protection. Some gods wear, instead of the usual head-cloth, a royal head-kerchief, characteristic of the kings of earth,7 and other deities, represented without wig, have their short hair or shaven heads 6 The appearance as of a spotted skin in this figure is unintentional, due solely to the use of a very thick under-glaze line to supplement the modeling. 6 The goddess' vulture head-dress appears in the earliest temple reliefs, the queen's vulture head-dress perhaps not until the Empire. 7 Quarterly Bulletin, Vol. Ill, p. 44, Fig. 1.