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[ 302 ] • BOOK REVIEWS somewhat bewildering institution. Norman Brokenshire carried his microphone into the state delegations, reporting the tension and violence of the moment. He was himself a celebrity before John W. Davis won the nomination on the 103rd ballot. In the subsequent campaign, President Calvin Coolidge became America's first chief executive to address the people by radio on a coast-to-coast hookup. Also in 1924, H. V Kaltenborn achieved a kind of fame that other broadcasters would know in time. Kaltenborn had fashioned the newscast into a personalized analysis of domestic and foreign affairs, and he took it for granted that freedom on the air was an extension of freedom of the press. He was shocked when station WEAF silenced him after a complaint from Secretary of State Charles Evans Hughes, who objected to a Kaltenborn interpretation of U.S.-Soviet relations. H. V retaliated by broadcasting over lesser stations across the nation, survived the eastern censor, and returned to New York as one newscaster who could and would speak his mind over radio. Events crowded into the year of 1924. Radio sales reached the fifty million dollar level. The "radio Christmas" brought mass advertising to the medium. The first radiophotograph appeared. The public demand for programs became insatiable. Six years later the industry arrived at another plateau. The rating of programs began—Crossley ratings based on sampling by telephone. David Sarnoff, legendary for his reporting of the Titanic disaster in 1912 while a Marconi operator, became president of RCA. Vaudeville, having collapsed on the stage, revived on radio. The most durable newscaster of them all was heard for the first time. Lowell Thomas introduced his nightly salutation "Good evening, everybody" and his sign-off tag line "so long until tomorrow!' He soon acquired an enormous audience responsive to his manner of handling the news, and lasted long enough to become a rival of Walter Cronkite and the rest of the big names of American newscasting in the 1960s. Professor Barnouw takes the story of broadcasting in the United States down to ED.R!s first "fireside chat" in 1933 and leaves the reader waiting with great expectations for volume two of his set. His style is not dramatic, which is probably a virtue given the drama inherent in the events themselves. Inevitably, gaps can be found in so large a subject. A discussion of the Marconi scandal that rocked the British government ought to have been included: true, the scene was London, but the American branch of the company was involved. Again, there might have been some mention of Floyd Gibbons, the early newscaster with the famous eye patch acquired at Belleau Wood. Cavils like these, however, do not compromise the fact that this is the definitive work on the subject. VINCENT BURANELLI, Princeton, N. J.