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Jay, John, 1745-1829.
John Jay's In relation to foreign nations, circa 1788
John Jay papers, 1787-1812.
New-York Historical Society, 170 Central Park West, New York, NY 10024, 212-873-3400
Draft in John Jay's hand of Federalist Number 64, originally published on March 5, 1788 in the Independent Journal. It bore the number 63 in the newspaper version, but was renumbered 64 in the first collected edition, published 22 March 1788. Comparison with the published version shows little change in the substance of the argument for the constitutional provisions for senatorial approval of treaties. Changes in organization and wording are substantial. Jay's draft speaks of "the Convention" making certain provisions while the published essay substitutes "the Constitution." Jay's justification of the election of Senators by state legislatures is omitted in the final, published paper. In answering objections to making treaties the supreme law of the land, Jay, in his draft, cites examples of British constitutional law; in his published version, the citations refer to colonial and state practice. Jay's concluding paragraph asking for a fair trial for a constitutional plan with theoretical merits is omitted in the published essay.
New-York Historical Society
Mss Collection - BV Jay, John
Constitutional law--United StatesUnited States. Congress. Senate--Powers and dutiesUnited States--Foreign relations--Treaties
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